Black is Beautiful
Black is beautiful is a cultural movement which began in the United States of America, beginning in the 1960s. It later spread to much of the Black world, most prominently in the writings of the Black Consciousness Movement of Steve Biko in South Africa. It aims to dispel the widespread notion in western cultures that black people's natural features such as skin color, facial features and hair are inherently ugly. John Sweat Rock was the first to coin the phrase "Black is Beautiful" during a speech in 1858. The movement also encouraged men and women to stop straightening their hair and attempting to lighten or bleach their skin. The prevailing idea in American culture, perpetuated by the media, was that black features were less attractive or desirable than white features. The idea that blackness was ugly was highly damaging to the psyche of African Americans, manifesting itself as internalized racism. This idea even existed in black communities and led to practices such as paper bag parties.